If it is a public sector union, the Minister refers the disputed case to the Court of Industry only with the agreement of the Agong (king) or the prince of the state, if it is a public institution. Collective agreements in Germany are legally binding, which is accepted by the public, and this is not a cause for concern.  [Failed verification] While in the United Kingdom there was (and probably still is) an “she and us” attitude in labour relations, the situation is very different in post-war Germany and in some other northern European countries. In Germany, the spirit of cooperation between the social partners is much greater. For more than 50 years, German workers have been represented by law on boards of directors.  Together, management and workers are considered “social partners.”  The government`s policy of separating trade unions and promoting business unions vis-à-vis national and industrial unions has stifled the trade union movement. Only 3% of private sector employees are unionized and less than 2% are covered by collective agreements. While the number of unions has increased, most unions are internal unions with fewer than 100 members. 66 See the detailed observations of the expert committee on the application of the conventions and recommendations contained in the Malaysia documents, which are available from ILOLEX. However, the ILO committee seems to assume certain prerogatives (such as dismissal or transfer) and not others (for example. B the assignment of certain tasks). The report adds: “While a collective agreement would not normally deal with individual cases of transfer, dismissal and reinstatement, it should be possible, for example, to include general criteria and procedures applicable to these issues, as is often the case in collective agreements in many countries. The Committee urges the Government to amend the legislation to fully align paragraph 3 of Section 13 of the Convention.
The restrictive trade union law does not allow general unions for workers. Union membership is limited to those who are workers in a particular industry, company, company and job. For example, a bank employee may only be a member of a banking union, but cannot be a member of an airline union or a teachers` union, while a hotel employee, a woodworker or a worker cannot be a member of the same union. In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not.